Background

On June 24, 2022 the US Supreme Court overturned abortion rights. We are updating this factsheet as states implement and enforce abortion bans.

Definitions

Last menstrual period (LMP): The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the start of the most recent menstrual period. An average pregnancy lasts approximately 40 weeks from this point.

Postfertilization: The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the date of conception; 20 weeks postfertilization is equivalent to 22 weeks LMP.

Postimplantation: The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the date of embryo implantation; 24 weeks postimplantation is equivalent to 27 weeks LMP.

General health: Defined by an individual doctor and includes the patient’s mental and emotional health.

Physical health: Applies only to the physical function of the patient’s body and may even be restricted to major bodily functions.

Viability: The point at which a fetus can sustain survival outside the uterus. Determined based on the fetus’s developmental progress and may vary by pregnancy. A fetus generally reaches viability between 24 and 28 weeks LMP.

Highlights

State Bans on Abortion Throughout Pregnancy

Statutory limit

State

Exceptions

Life

General
health

Physical
health
§

Other

Conception

Alabama

X

 

X

 

 

Arkansas

X

 

 

 

 

Kentucky

X

 

 

 

 

Louisiana

X

 

 

Lethal fetal anomaly 

 

Missouri

X

 

X

 

 

Oklahoma

X

 

 

 

 

South Dakota

X

 

 

 

 

Texas

X

 

X

 

 

Utah

X

 

 X

 Lethal fetal anomaly, severe brain anomaly, rape or incest

TOTAL IN EFFECT

9

9

 

4

 2

6 weeks LMP

Georgia

 

 

 

Idaho

 

 

 

Iowa

 

 

 

Kentucky

 

 

  Louisiana    

 

Mississippi

 

 

 

North Dakota

 

 

 

Ohio

 

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

 

South Carolina

  Rape, incest, lethal fetal anomaly
  Tennessee

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

0 

8 weeks LMP

Missouri

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

0 

12 weeks LMP

Arkansas

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

0

15 weeks LMP

Kentucky

 

 

 

Louisiana

 

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Mississippi

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

 0

18 weeks LMP

Arkansas

 

 

 

Utah

 

Rape, incest, lethal fetal anomaly

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

20 weeks LMP

Arizona

 

 

 

Mississippi*,†

X

 

X

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Montana

 

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

 

Tennessee

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

2

2

 

2

1

 22 weeks LMP

Georgia*

X

 

X

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Idaho

 

 

 

Indiana†,*

X

 

X

 

 

Iowa*

X

 

X

 

 

Kansas*,‡

X

 

X

 

 

Nebraska*

X

 

X

 

 

North Dakota*,†

X

 

X

 

 

Ohio*,†,‡

X

 

X

 

 

South Carolina*,‡

X

 

X

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

West Virginia*

X

 

X

 

 

Wisconsin*

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

10

10

 

10

2

24 weeks LMP

Florida

X

 

X

 

 

Nevada

X

X

 

 

 

Massachusettsβ

X

X

 

Lethal fetal anomaly 

 

New Hampshire

X

 

X

 

 

Pennsylvania†,‡

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

5

5

2

3

1

Viability

Arizona

X

X

 

 

 

California

X

X

 

 

 

Connecticut

X

X

 

 

 

Delaware

X

X

 

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Hawaii

X

X

 

 

 

Idaho

X

 

 

 

 

Illinois

X

X

 

 

 

Maine

X

X

 

 

 

Maryland

X

X

 

Fetal anomaly

 

Michigan

X

 

 

 

 

Minnesota

X

X

 

 

 

Montana

X

 

X

 

 

New York

X

X

 

 

 

North Carolina

X

 

X

 

 

Rhode Island

X

X

 

 

 

Tennessee†,‡

X

 

X

 

 

Washington

X

X

 

 

 

Wyoming

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

18

18

12

4

3

Third trimester

Virginia

X

X

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

1

1

1

0

0

▼ Permanently enjoined by court order; law not in effect. Oklahoma's six-week ban was superseded by a total ban.

Temporarily enjoined by court order; law not in effect. Louisiana’s six-week ban only goes into effect if Mississippi’s ban is allowed to take effect.

§ This exception typically permits an abortion when the individual suffers from a condition that risks “substantial and irreversible impairment” or “imminent peril” of a “major bodily function.”

* Based on the assertion that a fetus can feel pain at 18 or 20 weeks postfertilization.

† State requires a second physician to attend an abortion that takes place after the state’s gestational age limit. Five states—Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana and Oklahoma—have this requirement only for an abortion after viability. Minnesota requires the presence of a second physician at or after 20 weeks LMP.
‡ State requires a second physician to approve an abortion if it will take place after the state’s gestational age limit. Alabama, Idaho and Kansas require approval only for an abortion after viability.

β State law defines pregnancy from the date of embryo implantation.